how does a citrus juicer work 2
how does a citrus juicer work 2

Ever wondered how a simple contraption can turn a humble citrus fruit into a refreshing glass of juice? In this article, we will explore the inner workings of a citrus juicer and uncover the secrets behind its ability to extract every last drop of tangy goodness. From its sharp blades to its innovative design, we’ll take you on a journey through the fascinating world of citrus juicing and unveil the science behind this refreshing process. So sit back, relax, and prepare to be amazed as we unveil the captivating mechanics behind how a citrus juicer works.


Citrus juicers are handy kitchen appliances designed specifically for extracting juice from citrus fruits such as oranges, lemons, grapefruits, and limes. These juicers function by cutting and crushing the citrus fruit to release its juice, while simultaneously separating the pulp from the liquid. With various types of citrus juicers available in the market, individuals can choose the one that best suits their preferences and needs.

Mechanism of Action

Cutting and crushing the citrus fruit

The first step in the process of juicing citrus fruits is cutting and crushing them. Citrus juicers are equipped with sharp blades or serrated edges that efficiently slice through the fruit’s peel and pulp. By exerting pressure on the fruit, the juicer ensures that maximum juice is extracted.

Separating pulp from juice

Once the fruit is cut and crushed, the citrus juicer separates the pulp from the juice. This is achieved through the utilization of a filter or strainer mechanism. The pulp remains trapped in the juicer while the juice flows through, ensuring a smooth and pulp-free juice extraction.

How Does A Citrus Juicer Work?

Components of a Citrus Juicer

Juicing cone

The juicing cone is a crucial component of a citrus juicer. It is the part that comes in direct contact with the fruit and is responsible for extracting the juice. The juicing cone is usually designed to fit different sizes of citrus fruits to ensure efficient juicing.

Motor or manual operation

Citrus juicers can be either electrically powered with a motor or operated manually. Motorized juicers are more convenient and time-saving, as they automate the juicing process. Manual juicers, on the other hand, require the user to apply physical force to extract the juice.

Filter or strainer

The filter or strainer is another essential component of a citrus juicer. It helps in separating the pulp from the juice, ensuring a smooth and pulp-free drinking experience.

Collection container

The collection container is where the extracted juice is collected. It can vary in size, allowing users to juice large quantities of citrus fruits without repeatedly emptying the container. Some juicers come with a built-in container, while others may require the user to place their own glass or container below the juicer’s spout.

Power cord

In the case of electric citrus juicers, a power cord is needed to connect the juicer to an electrical outlet. This provides the necessary power to operate the motor and carry out the juicing process smoothly.

Types of Citrus Fruit

Citrus fruits are a popular and versatile group of fruits used extensively in juicing. Here are some common types of citrus fruit:


Oranges are well-known for their sweet and tangy flavor. They are often used to make orange juice, which is a refreshing and nutritious beverage enjoyed by many.


Lemons are sour and acidic fruits that add a zesty flavor to dishes and drinks. Lemon juice is commonly used in beverages, marinades, and salad dressings.


Grapefruits have a unique sweet and slightly bitter taste. They are commonly consumed for breakfast or added to salads for a refreshing burst of flavor.


Limes are small, green citrus fruits with a sour taste. They are widely used in cocktails, marinades, and dressings, adding a tangy and refreshing element to various dishes and beverages.

How Does A Citrus Juicer Work?

Cutting and Preparation of Citrus Fruit

Selecting ripe fruit

To ensure a flavorful and juicy yield, it is important to select ripe citrus fruits. Look for fruits that are firm, vibrant in color, and heavy for their size. The skin should be smooth, without any blemishes or soft spots.

Washing and drying the fruit

Before juicing, it is essential to wash the citrus fruits thoroughly to remove any dirt or contaminants. After washing, dry them with a clean cloth or paper towel to minimize the potential for bacteria transfer.

Cutting techniques

Different cutting techniques can be employed depending on the desired juicing method and the size of the citrus fruit. For manual juicers, the fruit may need to be halved or quartered for optimal extraction. Electric juicers often have larger feeding chutes, allowing for whole or halved citrus fruits to be juiced.

Manual Citrus Juicers

Lever-operated juicers

Lever-operated juicers are a popular type of manual citrus juicer. They typically have a lever that, when pressed down, exerts pressure on the citrus fruit. This action squeezes the juice out of the fruit and into a collection container, while the pulp remains behind.

Handheld press juicers

Handheld press juicers are compact and easy-to-use juicing tools. They require the user to manually press and twist the fruit against the juicing cone. The juice is then collected in a container, while the pulp is retained within the juicer.

Electric Citrus Juicers

Motorized reamer juicers

Motorized reamer juicers are electric citrus juicers that utilize a cone-shaped reamer to extract the juice from the fruit. The reamer rotates while pressure is applied to the citrus fruit, allowing the juice to flow into a collection container.

Automatic citrus juicers

Automatic citrus juicers are advanced electric juicers that feature a fully automated process. These juicers can handle whole citrus fruits and automatically extract the juice from them. The machine cuts and crushes the fruit, separates the pulp from the juice, and directs the liquid into a collection container.

Juicing Process

Placing the fruit on the juicing cone

Regardless of the type of citrus juicer being used, the first step in the juicing process involves placing the fruit on the juicing cone or reamer. The size of the cone or reamer should match the size of the fruit for efficient juice extraction.

Activating the juicing process

In the case of manual juicers, the user needs to apply pressure or manually operate the lever or press, while for electric juicers, simply turning on the juicer’s power switch initiates the juicing process. This step activates the cutting and crushing mechanism of the juicer.

Extracting the juice

As the juicing process is activated, the citrus fruit is cut and crushed, allowing the juice to flow out. The juice is directed into the collection container, while the pulp is retained in the juicer or separated through the strainer/filter.

Pulp Separation Mechanism

Strainer or filter

Many citrus juicers feature a built-in strainer or filter to separate the pulp from the juice. The strainer or filter allows the juice to pass through, removing any pulpy residue to ensure a smooth consistency.

Separate pulp container

Some citrus juicers have a separate container where the pulp is collected during the juicing process. This allows users to easily discard or utilize the pulp for various purposes, such as in recipes or composting.


Citrus juicers are efficient and convenient appliances that simplify the process of extracting juice from citrus fruits. With various types available, individuals can choose between manual and electric juicers based on their preferences and requirements. Through cutting and crushing the fruit, these juicers release the juice while separating the pulp. From oranges to lemons and grapefruits to limes, citrus fruits can be easily juiced with the proper cutting techniques. Whether opting for lever-operated manual juicers or motorized electric juicers, the end result is a delicious and refreshing glass of citrus fruit juice. So, next time you crave a glass of freshly squeezed orange juice or lemonade, consider using a citrus juicer to make the process easier and more enjoyable.