how does a masticating juicer work
how does a masticating juicer work

Curious about how masticating juicers work? Look no further! In this article, we’ll uncover the inner workings of these incredible machines, exploring the process of extracting juice from fruits and vegetables in a way that retains maximum nutrients and flavor. From the slow and steady crushing action to the efficient extraction of every last drop, get ready to discover the fascinating world of masticating juicers and how they can revolutionize your juicing experience.


A masticating juicer is a type of juicer that operates at a slow speed to extract juice from various fruits and vegetables. This type of juicer is known for its ability to retain the nutritional value of the ingredients, as well as its high juice yield and versatility. In comparison to other types of juicers, such as centrifugal juicers, masticating juicers are often preferred for their quiet operation and longer shelf life of the juice produced. In this article, we will explore the components of a masticating juicer, the step-by-step process of how it works, its advantages, common uses, cleaning and maintenance tips, potential drawbacks, and conclude with a summary of its benefits and considerations.

Components of a Masticating Juicer


The auger is a key component of a masticating juicer. It is a long, cylindrical screw-like structure that turns slowly and crushes the ingredients to extract juice. The main purpose of the auger is to grind the fruits and vegetables into a pulp, which is then further processed to separate the juice.

Juice Screen

The juice screen is positioned at the end of the auger housing and acts as a filter to separate the juice from the pulp. It allows the juice to flow through while capturing the pulp, ensuring that only the liquid is collected in the juice container.

Auger Housing

The auger housing is the enclosure that houses the auger and the juice screen. It provides stability to the juicer and ensures smooth operation during the juicing process. The auger housing also helps to guide the ingredients towards the auger, ensuring efficient juicing.


The motor of a masticating juicer is responsible for powering the auger and rotating it at a slow speed. The slow rotation of the auger helps to maintain the quality of the juice by minimizing heat and oxidation, which can degrade the nutritional value of the ingredients.

Feed Chute

The feed chute is the opening on top of the juicer through which the ingredients are fed into the machine. It is designed to accommodate different sizes of fruits and vegetables, allowing for easy feeding and reducing the need for pre-cutting the ingredients.

Pulp Container

The pulp container is the compartment in which the extracted pulp is collected during the juicing process. It is separate from the juice container to ensure that the juice and pulp are kept separate. The pulp can then be discarded or used for other purposes, such as composting or adding to recipes.

Juice Container

The juice container is where the extracted juice is collected. It is typically located at the front or side of the juicer for easy access and removal. The juice container is designed to be airtight to prevent oxidation and preserve the freshness of the juice.

Step-by-Step Process of How a Masticating Juicer Works

Step 1: Preparation and Preparation of Ingredients

Before using a masticating juicer, it is important to thoroughly wash and clean the fruits and vegetables that will be juiced. This helps to remove any dirt or pesticides that may be present. Once cleaned, the ingredients can be pre-cut into smaller pieces, if necessary, to fit into the feed chute.

Step 2: Feeding the Ingredients into the Juicer

Once the ingredients are prepared, they can be fed into the juicer through the feed chute. It is important to follow the manufacturer’s instructions regarding the amount and size of the ingredients that can be inserted at one time. Overloading the juicer can hinder its performance and may damage the components.

Step 3: Crushing and Grinding Process

As the ingredients are fed into the juicer, the auger starts turning slowly, crushing and grinding the fruits and vegetables. The auger’s slow rotational speed prevents the generation of heat and oxidation, preserving the enzymes, vitamins, and minerals present in the ingredients.

Step 4: Extraction of Juice from Pulp

As the ingredients are crushed by the auger, the juice is separated from the pulp. The juice flows through the juice screen and is collected in the juice container. The pulp, on the other hand, continues to move along the auger and is pushed towards the end of the juicer.

Step 5: Separation of Juice and Pulp

At the end of the auger, the pulp is separated from the juice. The juice screen acts as a filter, allowing the juice to pass through while trapping the pulp. This ensures that only the liquid is collected in the juice container, while the pulp is directed towards the pulp container.

Step 6: Collection of Juice

With the juice now separated from the pulp, it can be collected from the juice container. Masticating juicers typically produce a high yield of juice, thanks to their efficient extraction process. The collected juice is rich in nutrients and can be consumed immediately or stored for later use.

Step 7: Disposal of Pulp

The pulp that has been collected in the pulp container can be disposed of or used for other purposes. Some people choose to reuse the pulp in recipes, such as adding it to smoothies, soups, or baked goods. Others may choose to compost it or discard it as waste.

Advantages of Masticating Juicers

Retains Nutritional Value

One of the key advantages of masticating juicers is their ability to retain the nutritional value of the ingredients. The slow juicing process minimizes heat and oxidation, which can break down and degrade the enzymes, vitamins, and minerals present in the fruits and vegetables.

Higher Juice Yield

Masticating juicers are known for their high juice yield. The slow and efficient crushing and grinding process of the auger extract as much juice as possible from the ingredients, resulting in a greater quantity of juice compared to other juicer types.


Masticating juicers are versatile and can handle a wide range of ingredients. They can juice not only fruits and vegetables but also leafy greens, wheatgrass, nuts, and even make nut milks and frozen fruit sorbets. This versatility makes them a valuable addition to any kitchen.

Quiet Operation

Compared to centrifugal juicers, masticating juicers operate at a much quieter level. The slow rotation of the auger and the absence of high-speed spinning blades make them an ideal choice for those who prefer a quieter juicing experience.

Longer Shelf Life

Due to the minimal heat and oxidation generated during the juicing process, the juice produced by a masticating juicer has a longer shelf life compared to juice produced by other juicer types. This allows for storage of the juice for a longer duration without significant degradation in quality.

Common Uses of Masticating Juicers

Fresh Fruit Juices

Masticating juicers excel at extracting juice from a variety of fresh fruits. Whether it’s oranges, apples, grapes, or berries, these juicers can handle the task effortlessly and produce delicious and nutritious fruit juices.

Vegetable Juices

Vegetable juices, such as carrot juice, celery juice, and cucumber juice, are also popular choices for masticating juicers. The slow extraction process ensures that the nutrients from the vegetables are effectively captured in the juice, providing a healthy and refreshing beverage.

Leafy Greens and Wheatgrass

Masticating juicers are particularly well-suited for juicing leafy greens and wheatgrass. Their slow speed and powerful auger can break down the fibrous structure of greens like kale, spinach, and lettuce, extracting the maximum amount of juice.

Nut Milks

Masticating juicers have the ability to make nut milks from various nuts, such as almonds, cashews, and hazelnuts. By grinding the nuts and mixing them with water, these juicers can create a smooth and creamy alternative to dairy milk.

Baby Food

For parents looking to provide their little ones with fresh and nutritious baby food, a masticating juicer can be a valuable tool. These juicers can puree fruits and vegetables into a smooth consistency, perfect for introducing solid foods to infants.

Frozen Fruit Sorbets

Masticating juicers can also be used to make healthy and refreshing frozen fruit sorbets. By feeding frozen fruits into the juicer, the auger can crush and blend them, resulting in a delicious sorbet-like dessert without the need for added sugars or artificial ingredients.

Cleaning and Maintenance of a Masticating Juicer

Clearing Residual Pulp

After juicing, it is important to clear any residual pulp that may be left in the juicer. This can be done by running some water through the juicer while it is still assembled. The water will help flush out any remaining pulp and make the cleaning process easier.

Disassembling and Cleaning the Components

To thoroughly clean a masticating juicer, it is necessary to disassemble the components. This typically includes removing the auger, juice screen, auger housing, feed chute, pulp container, and juice container. These components can be rinsed with warm, soapy water and scrubbed gently to remove any residue.

Removing Stains and Odors

If there are any stains or odors present on the juicer components, they can be removed by soaking them in a mixture of baking soda and water. This natural cleaning solution helps to break down stains and eliminate odors, leaving the components fresh and clean.

Drying and Storing

After cleaning, it is important to ensure that all the juicer components are thoroughly dried before reassembling or storing. Any leftover moisture can lead to mold or mildew growth. Once dry, the components can be reassembled and stored in a clean and dry location until the next use.

Tips and Tricks for Using a Masticating Juicer

Choose High-Quality Ingredients

To get the best results from a masticating juicer, it is important to choose high-quality and fresh ingredients. Organic and locally sourced fruits and vegetables are often preferred as they tend to have higher nutrient content and better flavor.

Pre-cutting and Preparing Ingredients

While masticating juicers can handle larger pieces of ingredients, it is still advisable to pre-cut them into smaller, manageable pieces. This helps to facilitate the juicing process and prevent any blockages or strain on the juicer.

Alternate Ingredients

To achieve a balanced flavor profile and maximize the nutritional benefits of the juice, it is recommended to alternate different types of fruits and vegetables. This allows for a wider range of vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants to be incorporated into the juice.

Soak Hard Ingredients

For harder ingredients like nuts or certain types of produce, soaking them in water beforehand can make the juicing process easier. Soaking helps to soften the texture, making it easier for the auger to grind and extract the juice.

Slow and Steady Juicing

Masticating juicers are designed to operate at a slow pace. It is important to feed the ingredients into the juicer gradually and steadily, allowing the auger to effectively process each piece. Rushing the process may result in a less efficient extraction.

Regular Maintenance

Regular maintenance of the juicer is essential to keep it running smoothly and effectively. This includes regular cleaning and inspection of the components to ensure that they are functioning properly. Additionally, following any specific maintenance instructions provided by the manufacturer is important to extend the longevity of the juicer.

Potential Drawbacks of Masticating Juicers

Higher Price

Masticating juicers tend to be more expensive compared to centrifugal juicers. The higher price is often justified by their superior juice quality, higher juice yield, and versatile capabilities. However, for those on a budget, the initial investment may be a consideration.

Slower Juicing Process

Due to their slow rotation speed, masticating juicers typically take longer to complete the juicing process compared to centrifugal juicers. This can be a drawback for individuals with limited time or for those who prefer a quick and efficient juicing experience.

Requires More Preparation Time

Masticating juicers often require more preparation time due to the need to wash, clean, and pre-cut the ingredients before juicing. This extra step may be inconvenient for individuals seeking a fast and convenient juicing experience.

Size and Bulkiness

Masticating juicers tend to be larger and bulkier compared to centrifugal juicers. This may pose storage and countertop space challenges for individuals with limited kitchen space.

Less Suitable for Soft Fruits

While masticating juicers excel at juicing leafy greens and hard fruits and vegetables, they may be less effective when it comes to juicing soft and pulpy fruits like oranges or grapes. The slow and gentle crushing process may not extract as much juice from these types of ingredients compared to a centrifugal juicer.


In summary, a masticating juicer is a versatile and efficient tool for extracting juice from a wide range of fruits, vegetables, and other ingredients. Through its slow and gentle grinding process, it retains the nutritional value of the ingredients, produces a high juice yield, and operates quietly. Masticating juicers are commonly used for making fresh fruit juices, vegetable juices, leafy greens, nut milks, baby food, and frozen fruit sorbets. While they require proper cleaning and maintenance, they offer numerous benefits such as the retention of nutritional value, versatility, and longer shelf life of the juice. However, potential drawbacks include higher price, slower juicing process, more preparation time, size and bulkiness, and limited effectiveness with soft fruits. Overall, a masticating juicer can be a valuable addition to a healthy lifestyle, providing a convenient and nutritious way to enjoy a variety of homemade juices.